Tag Archives: Policy

The Rise of Independentism in South Brasil


On 26th October 2014, Brazil’s presidential elections took place.

Brazilians elections are separated in turns – the election can be resolved in the first one, but it is possible to happen a second turn if no candidate achieve 50%+1 of the electors.

After a very unusual first turn, the two most voted candidates went to dispute for presidential run. They were Dilma Roussef and Aécio Neves. Dilma Roussef is a left-wing leader from Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers Party – which I will refer as PT).

Aécio Neves is central- right-wing (but commonly considered as a soft left-wing). Governor of Minas Gerais (one of the 27 Brazilian’s states), he comes from a family with long tradition in Brazilian’s politics and he is a person who is emerging as very hard against to PT.

Roussef was trying to win her second mandate, and Neves was trying to consolidate a serious opposition for the government and an almost-liberal option for people.

From a moral point of view, it sounded rather pathetic, with PT making tough accusations from the beginning of the elections (often personal accusations), and Neves making rather more political accusations to PT, pointing at how that party was governing for a socialist revolution, how it was sending great amount of money to Cuba, how it was supporting openly Chavism, how it worked as a criminal organization, and how much damage PT caused to Brazilian’s economy. Someone who votes on PT would say that Neves played equally unfairly.

A few things are needed to be said about PT, so that it can be understood how the general situation has become after the elections:

PT is assumed to be socialist party, created in the early 80’s by a Brazilian elite, with the objective to spread socialism. It posed a hard agenda on the needs of social welfare of Brazil, and showed a historical ability to make that happen. At the same time, PT was softer towards bankers and did not look exactly like an opposition to the “New World Order”. Nowadays, PT is often in middle of accusations for financial frauds, and keep its political objectives closely related to those of Fidel Castro and Hugo Chaves. Also some PT’s leaders were arrested and convicted by the Supreme Court in the past. Sadly the party is now so strong that it practically controls the Supreme Court: The leaders who were condemned are now free.

PT is one of the Brazilian’s parties that joined São Paulo Forum. São Paulo Forum is an international-Latin-American organization that was created with the objective of turning South America in a new kind of Soviet Union. Lula and Fidel Castro were the founders of this organization, which is closely related, and financed, by a drug cartel (e.g. the FARC). At this point in time, their plan is close to success, and Brazil has a major role because most of the money comes from Brazilian’s tax payers and Brazilian’s drugs consumers.

The whole scenario is even more complex and it involves all the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa. The Bank of the BRICS seems to be an easy way to finance non-public objectives on the world. Although this is illegal from a Brazilian legislation’s perspective, PT doesn’t care, and Brazil media care even less. The only ones who care are us, people, who do not have enough knowledge, instruments, and resources to do something. The Workers Party project is turning Brazil in a huge engine for a centralized socialist dictatorship. Interestingly, PT supporters usually claim they hate United States and globalization, but at the same time their leaders seem to sleep rather happily with them.

In summary, PT won October elections (48% to Neves – 52% to Roussef) and with Roussef re-elected, so PT, São Paulo Forum and the socialist agenda will continue.

Luckily Aécio Neves exposed PT plans to national level. The direct effect of this is that PT and the socialist aims of São Paulo Forum (not the São Paulo Forum itself) have been exposed.

And now let’s come to the effects of all this on independentism in the southern states Well, if the election was in the south of Brazil (the area with highest tax revenue), Neves would have certainly won. Not surprisingly, a day after the elections separatism was the major subject in the agenda. Separatist groups in Facebook grew up almost 300% in the last couple of years. Separatism, despite being often silenced by major media, by educational lobbies and by politicians, it is now one of the main topics in the news.

Hashtag #OSulÉOMeuPaís (The South is My Country) was one the most used on Twitter on the day after elections. Liberals, lots of conservatives, some clergy leaders, and even military spokesmen adopted secessionist option as a plausible one. Even with an impeachment option (Brazilian election system was at least doubtful), people seemed more enthusiastic with separatism.

The impeachment option is gaining much more strength now that Petrobras (a huge brazilian public enterprise) has failed and has been accused of plenty of crimes. Thousands of people marched for Roussef’s impeachment, even if this is not mentioned by media.

In the eyes of the leaders of O Sul É O Meu País, a independentist movement that was founded in 1992, this enthusiasm is no so solid yet, and so they are trying not to mix the Cause with the results of Brasil’s recent elections.

However, the new support has been so strong that O Sul É O Meu País is now growing bigger and bigger. Academics, industrials, politicians, police chiefs, and even military have been supporting our Cause. Many still do, even if others who had publicly admitted their support have stopped, probably under pressure by media and politicians. At least in the Internet, Brazil is still divided in two or more countries, as it was before October elections.

It’s too early to say if this will have a significant impact on independentist targets .

Aware of this PT is now planning to crack down on Internet lively independentist groups, by proposing to regulate social medias.

Unfortunately, like in many other countries, media and government go side-by-side in Brasil and they don’t see independentism as a good option.

In order to gain more representation, we may need to create more than one independentist movement. There’s only one here in Parana’, which is strong enough. Another one is growing in São Paulo and is consolidating. I think we need more groups to be able to achieve the level of political representation they have in Quebec, for example.

Pedro Porto, VA Officer for State of Parana’ (Brasil)


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Cuban Report


Diplomatic relationships have recently intensified between USA and Cuba. The improvement in relations has apparently been facilitated by pressures from the Jewish and Catholic worlds. The Vatican has had a great influence on Cuban Government since Pope John Paul II’s visit to Cuba and the new rapport established between the Pope and Fidel Castro. These relationships between the Holy See and the Cuban Government have been recently consolidated, in particular, by the Archbishop of Havana Ortega.

The influential Jewish community in Cuba, on its side, had been complaining about the difficulty of communication with other communities due to strong restrictions on the use of the Internet on the island. The American-Jewish community would make pressure on Obama to obtain a liberalization of the use of computer networks, even at the cost of giving up embargo.

Pope Francesco’s mediation seems to have been instrumental in the negotiations that have led, among other things, to the release of some political prisoners both from American side and Cuban side. Finally, we saw the end of an embargo that had been lasting for more than 50 years.

Raul Castro’s short term government has promised internet access to be broadened up for Cuban residents and relations and tourist exchanges with the United States to increase. Soon the US Embassy should reopen in Havana, although a building called the American Affairs Office (serving a similar role) has been present for years.

This improvement in relations between the two countries has not been welcome happily by the Cuban-American community, which is the hardest antagonist of the Cuban Government, and has been interpreted as a giving in. Even part of the Republican Party has shown diffidence and has promised to counteract these agreements at the Congress, where Republicans now have an overwhelming majority.

It is hard to predict how things will evolve.

Certainly opening to the Internet will result in new generations more willing to westernize themselves, conforming to tastes and trends of their American peers. The ease of communication with friends and relatives in Florida will also establish the conditions for a westernization of the island. This lays down conditions for profound social and political changes in the medium term. It is also true that a drastic and immediate exit from socialism would lead to severe unrest and great economic difficulties for a large portion of the population. It appears the intention is of a softening of the repression of the various forms of dissent in order to arrive gradually at a fuller democracy.

Tourism in Cuba continues to be the main revenue entry, while facing issues like the reduction of supports (money and oil) from Venezuela. The possibility of returning to export Cuban cigars and rum to the United States, could help to readdress a difficult situation.

This is a time where you can buy and make good investments in Cuba, but with the opening of relationships with the United States it is also possible that, in future, International Courts will give back properties to the legitimate owners that possessed them before Cuban revolution or to their descendants. This uncertainty in predicting the destiny of properties makes this type of investment rather risky in perspective.


Dr Giovanni Bertoldi

Venetian Diplomatic Consultant for the Republic of Cuba